Holocaust – the mass slaughter of European civilians and especially Jews by the Nazis during World War II Genocide – the deliberate and systematic destruction of a racial, political, or cultural group Anti-Semitism – hostility toward or discrimination against Jews as a religious, ethnic, or racial group Concentration Camp – a camp where persons (as prisoners of war, political prisoners, or refugees) are detained or confined Pacifist – strongly and actively opposed to conflict and especially war Appeasement – to bring to a state of peace or quiet
Non-Aggression Pact – A non-aggression pact is a national treaty between two or more states/countries agreeing to avoid war or armed conflict between them and resolve their disputes through peaceful negotiations. Sometimes such a pact may include a pledge of avoiding armed conflict even if participants find themselves fighting third countries, including allies of one of the participants. War Measures Act – The War Measures Act was a statute of the Parliament of Canada that provided for the declaration of war, invasion, or insurrection, and the types of emergency measures that could thereby be taken.
Total War –Total war is a war in which a belligerent engages in the complete mobilization of fully available resources and population. Battle of Britain – from August to October 1940, the prolonged bombing of S England by the German Luftwaffe and the successful resistance by the RAF Fighter Command, which put an end to the German plan of invading Britain Battle of the Atlantic – the struggle for control of the sea routes around the United Kingdom during World War II, esp 1940-43 Dunkirk – A city of northern France on the North Sea.
In World War II more than 330,000 Allied troops were evacuated from its beaches in the face of enemy fire (May-June 1940). Operation Barbarossa – Code name for the surprise German attack on the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, which broke the Soviet-Nazi Non-Aggression Pact and plunged the Soviet Union into World War II. Corvettes – A fast, lightly armed warship, smaller than a destroyer, often armed for antisubmarine operations. D-day – In the military, D-Day is to liberate mainland Europe from Nazi occupation during World War II.
However, many other invasions and operations had a designated D-Day, both before and after that operation. Atomic Bomb – An explosive weapon of great destructive power derived from the rapid release of energy in the fission of heavy atomic nuclei, as of uranium 235. Also called A-bomb, atomic bomb, fission bomb. Blitzkrieg – The classic interpretation of blitzkrieg is that of German tactical and operational methodology in the first half of the Second World War that was often hailed as a new method of warfare.
The word, meaning “lightning war”, in its strategic means is associated with a series of quick and decisive short battles to deliver a knockout blow to an enemy state before it could fully mobilize. The tactical meaning of blitzkrieg involves a coordinated military effort by tanks, mobilized infantry, artillery and aircraft, to create an overwhelming local superiority in combat power, to overwhelm an enemy and break through its lines. Rosie the Riveter – A fictional character created during World War II to symbolize women working in the war industries (for example, as riveters in aircraft factories).
Rosie was often depicted wearing overalls and work gloves with her hair tied up in a polka-dot cloth. Rations – A fixed portion, especially an amount of food allotted to persons in military service or to civilians in times of scarcity. Internment Camps – A governmental euphemism for a concentration camp, especially a non-Nazi one from before or during WWII; a detention center; a relocation camp. Historical references describe the camps as internment camps, although others favor the name relocation camps. Others, more critical of this action, refer to them as detention camps or concentration camps.