World hunger is an ancient problem in the world, in which Asia and Africa have been experiencing increasing alarming rates of starvation that demands a solution. World hunger is not due to a lack of food, but rather a disproportionate population distribution and an inadequate mismanagement of supplies. The lack of food is more a myth than reality. The amount of grain produced in the world today could provide for each person on the planet to have the equivalent of two loaves of bread per day (Brown).
Our current food production could feed seven billion people, plenty enough for the six billion people living on Earth (Gunders). However, it is evident by the number of deaths and suffering that exists in some continents, which hunger still persists. Over the years it has been demonstrated that the amount of food the world has lost or wasted has increased dramatically. About 1974 people on the US had the manners of saving food because the production in the world was not the efficient that it is today (Femmer).
Today we live in a world where food production has increased in a way where developed countries have an excess of food and people develop the custom to throw food instead of sharing or saving it; as a result the food waste increased to 1400 calories per day from 900 on 1974, only in the US (Femmer). That means about 75 trillion calories are wasted in a year. Instead they could be used to feed over 145 million people (Green). This numbers have to change in order to do well on distribution.
The majority of food produced in the world is in economically developed countries such as the US, which has an over production of supplies. Meanwhile countries with hunger problems do not have the advantages of equipment and a self-sustaining market to encourage farmers to increase their production. With this the major producers of food in the world have a monopoly of the food production, causing a disorder on the world? s food distribution. A good example of this is Ghana.
Twenty years ago the government started to initiate a program to increase the production of coffee in the country and then export it. For a few years, everything went well, but by late 1980`s and 1990`s the global market started to focus almost all their attention in the South American coffee producers and more economically developed Colombia. As a result Ghana’s price of coffee plummeted and the industry collapsed and suffered a small economic crisis (Frayrich).
As developed countries monopolize the food around the world, they start to over produce and start making money with exportations so rich countries grow even richer, with this the less economically developed countries are not able to compete on the food market and require to buy the food that they don’t have to the monopoly owners (Mcandles). With this appears another problem, transportation. Most countries that do not have the resources to self supply themselves with products have to import them, and the same happens with food.
There are many causes for not having the well to produce, in which the lack of fertile land, the little technology and money are the most common ones (Lee). That is why importations occur, but the essential problem of it is the cost of transportation. Food as well as other products is exported, but due to transportation costs “hunger” countries cannot buy that food and the percentage of food wasted increases. As those countries that do not export their food, it exist an over production where the remainder food is obviously lost because the people cannot eat it all.
This is provoking the distribution problem to grow even more, because as poor countries do not have the money to produce food, they have even less money to buy food that is overvalued from its original price due to the transportation and additional costs that the countries put. Solutions must appear to solve all this problems. This really needs to change. The way to solve the problem of distribution is to encourage national governments of developed countries to subsidize the purchase of food for less economically developed countries.
In this way, the poor states are able to increase their food supplies, while the farmers are still able to gain competitive prices for their products. This means that the food prices will increase so local farmers would start to produce more. As the poor countries produce more, they can be more self-sufficient and import less. The food market in the entire world would start to regulate, and the people would start to get food in a more proportional way in all countries.
Due to it, the hunger problems would decrease. There are over fifty two countries, of which thirty seven are in Africa, that owe a total of 376 billion dollars in debt (Vidal). The repayment for this huge amount of money takes up a very large portion of each country’s income, leaving them with little left to solve their hunger problems. The areas where chronic persistent hunger occurs need capital and resources to develop and implement schemes to help them solve their problems.
Cancelling world debt would provide these countries with the ability to help themselves, such as being able to develop their economy in order to safeguard against future hunger problems, develop and import technologies to begin and increase the amount of output from their arable land or help fund imports of food from abroad, helping them to solve the redistribution problem. Some people started to make conscience about distribution in England (Murrey); they have been creating some alternative “life styles” on the past few years, in which the save of food is the most important value, making to spread the idea through the globe (Dowdey).
This urban tribe is called Freegan and they are known for their embrace community, generosity, social concern, freedom, cooperation, and sharing in opposition to a society based on materialism, moral apathy, competition, conformity, and greed (Fred). They are conscience people about the topic of the world hunger, and they know that the best thing they can do to solve it is to do well on the distribution of aliments. That is why they take the food from garbage and use it as their meal, being known as “the people who live from the garbage of others” (Fred). With this effort they save food that could be used for people that are dying of hunger.
Today starvation does not affect everybody, but it is proven that about eight children die each day due to malnutrition and over one hundred forty six million more children are suffer from it (Vidal). What would happen if you were the parent of one of these kids that die each day? People must realize that world hunger is a serious problem the world is facing due to its bad food distribution, and the people are the ones who must start demanding their governments for reforms and/or just start helping by saving food and sending it to the disadvantaged countries. The improvement and development of the planet relies on the will of each person, and with effort everything is possible.