LOCALE OF THE STUDY The study was conducted in PATTS College of Aeronautics, Bachelor of Science in Aircraft Maintenance Technology Section 1B as the selected respondent for the distribution of the questionnaires. RESEARCH INSTRUMENT The instruments used by the researcher to this study were in form of survey questionnaire. The questionnaire is composed of the basic information of the respondents and the cause and effect of the selected topic EFFECTS OF SMOKING HABITS TO 2nd YR BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE TECHNOLOGY-1B DATA GATHERING PROCEDURE
The survey questionnaires will be distributed to all the students and they will be given enough time to accomplish it. The data will be personally retrieved to ensure 100% retrieval. Analysis follows. Data Analysis Procedure STATISTICAL STATEMENT P= f/n x 100% This formula used to get percentage Where: n= population f= frequency P= percentage CHAPTER II REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE AND STATUS CONCEPT OF THE RESEARCHER The concept of the researcher is to determine the cause and effect of the cigarette smoking to the students in PATTS College of Aeronautics. FOREIGN LITERATURE FOREIGN STUDY
According to the Taiwanese researchers had further identified the reason why tobacco causes lung cancer and other smoking-related diseases and was made the cover story of the February issue of the world is leading biomedical journal, The Journal of Clinical Investigation. The study revealed the mechanism of how tobacco-specific carcinogen causes lung tumors. It showed that the key ingredient of tobacco carcinogen, nicotine-derived nitrosamine ketone (NNK), would induce the accumulation of a protein, DNA methyltranferase 1 (DNMT1), which inhibits the tumor suppressor genes, and lead to lung cancer.
It also showed that the accumulation of DNMT1 in lung cancer patients who smoked continuously correlates with poor recovery. If lung cancer patients quit smoking, after two to four weeks, the level of DNMT1 would decrease and this would greatly increase the life span of the patients. Lung cancer patients who quit smoking outlived those who do not quit by eight-to-ten months. Also, in the future, doctors can extract lung cancer samples and test for the level of DNMT1.
Lung cancer patients who have a low level of DNMT1 can avoid going through chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The research article was jointly written by researchers from National Cheng Kung University, National Taiwan Normal University, National Health Research Institute, National Yang-Ming University, China Medical University Hospital and National Taiwan University. LOCAL LITERATURE LOCAL STUDY CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND INTRODUCTION College is a stage of significant growth and potential but it is also considered to be a time of a great risk.
A lot of college students are facing pressures to use alcohol, cigarettes, or drugs and to start sexual relationships, thereby putting themselves at high risk for international injuries and infection from sexual transmitted diseases. According to the World Health Report 1999 a considerable number of deaths would be prevented and tobacco related deaths would be halved if most of the adult smokers quit smoking over the next 20 years. People who begin smoking early have a greater risk of lung cancer compared to those who begin smoking at a later age as a result of the cumulative exposure.
Tobacco is known to be the only legal consumer product that can cause harm to every one exposed to it and kills most of who use it as intend. The easiest way to stop the effect of tobacco is to prevent its initiation. The purpose of this study is identify factors contributing to adolescence smoking initiation and the aim of the thesis is to produce an evidence based information that will be published on PATTS College of Aeronautics. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Addiction may be described as continued uncontrollable use of a substance regardless of harmful consequences.
Many smokers do not acknowledge that they are addicted to tobacco. Most people they can quit whenever they want to. Many youth are of the opinion that they have a lot of time to work on quitting. The first step in recovery is acknowledging that there is a problem. Addicted smokers experience a strong irresistible or uncontrolled desire to smoke. These irresistible desires to smoke can be aroused by smoking cues, abstinence and stressful situations in the environment. Cigarettes smokers been found to have lower level of lung function compared to non-smokers.
The rate of lung growth can also be reduced by smoking. Smoking is known to affect the athletic capabilities of young people. Regular smoking may lead to coughs and worsen respiratory diseases among young people. Smoking causes damage to different parts of the body such as mouth, teeth, skins finger nails, and hair. Tobacco contains elements and compounds such as arsenic, carbon monoxide, nicotine and formaldehyde which may cause wrinkles, discoloration of skin complexion and yellowing of finger nails when they enter the bloodstream.
Smoking costs the smokers in many ways and the cost of smoking goes beyond purchasing tobacco products. A smoker spends a considerable amount of money on medical bills, lost wages, higher insurance costs, and spends a lot of money on cosmetics and clothing. Tobacco use compromises the health of both smokers and non-smokers exposed to tobacco smoke. Treating of tobacco-related diseases requires a number of medical services, such as hospital stays, physician services, other health practitioners’ services, prescription drugs, home care, and nursing home care.
Health care in many advanced countries is catered for by private insurance and socialized health care systems whereas patients in many developing countries pay for medical care costs themselves. (Research for International Tobacco Control 2003, 21. ) STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM The study attempts to answer the following question: What are the profile of the respondents in terms of: Sex; Age; What are the reasons why they are smoking? What are side effects of smoking cigarettes? SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PROBLEM
The purpose of this study is to provide the people with a complete and balanced awareness about the effects of cigarettes smoking on their daily lives. Thus, the results of this study will benefits the students, and the people. This study is significant because it will provide the indispensible facts about the negative effects of cigarettes smoking to their health. PATTS College of Aeronautics will benefit this study, to be aware to the effects of cigarettes smoking to the health. SCOPE AND LIMITATION This study was conducted to determine the effects of cigarettes smoking to the health.
The research study was only conducted on PATTS College of Aeronautics particularly on 2nd year Bachelor of Science in Aircraft Maintenance Technology students. DEFINITION OF TERMS Smoking- is a practice in which a substance, most commonly tobacco, is burned and the smoke is tasted or inhaled. This is primarily practised as a route of administration for recreational drug use, as combustion releases the active substances in drugs such as nicotine and makes them available for absorption through the lungs.
It can also be done as a part of rituals, to induce trances and spiritual enlightenment. Addiction- is the continued repetition of behaviour despite adverse consequences, or a neurological impairment leading to such behaviours. DEDICATION The researcher would like to dedicate his dissertation work to every student out there. The everyday challenges encouraging us to strive harder, making us more tenacious. Without the constant problems the student faces, it would it would not have been possible. They have consistently help keep perspective on the research and focus in reality.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This thesis wouldn’t be possible without the help and support various people who in one way or another have extended their hands and time in making this thesis a success. Therefore, the researcher would like to express his deepest and more gratitude to the following people: To my professor, Ms. Apao, for the lesson and knowledge she has taught them which are valuable to this thesis. To the staff and librarians of PATTS College of Aeronautics for the assistance and help in getting them the right reference for my thesis.
To the 2nd year Bachelor in Science of Aircraft Maintenance Technology Students for taking the time to participate and answer to the researcher’s survey which is valuable to my thesis, thank you for your cooperation and patients. To their parents, thank you for your never ending support and encouragement. For the trust, patience, guidance and love. Above all, to god for giving them the wisdom, the strength and knowledge in exploring things; for the guidance and protection bestowed on them during the journey of this thesis and for giving them determination to surpass all trials that they have encountered.