There are following groups which allocated during the formation of the team in its structure: * Analysis Group – is responsible for the collection and analysis of information; * Advertising group – provides training and dissemination of advertising-informational production; * Press Service – cooperates with the mass media; * The group who organizes the meeting of the candidate with the population; * The group of agitators – directly works with the population; * The group of psychologists, speechwriters – directly works with the candidate; * The group of lawyers – organizes legal support; The group of financial support, accounting; * Security service. As the result of the allocating groups is a association of the experts, according their profile. However, such kind of division of labor i. e. its diversification may increase the risk of loss of control team as a whole. This can usually happen in big election campaigns when the number of teams increased, and each of them operates in different cities and inhabited locality. 17. The object of management
The object of management feels controlling influence from the subject of management and act in accordance with the received impulse and commands. As the objects of political – technological management are those individuals, who affect on the achievements of certain political purposes and when subject undertake particular actions. The larger purpose it is, the more number of management objects we have. By the degree of support for the subject of management, potentially possible political objects are is conditionally divided into five types. 1.
Actively sustaining – individuals, who for some reason consciously and deliberately intend to work with the subject of management and to support its actions. 2. Passively sustaining – individuals, sympathizing to the subject of management, standing on his side, but not to provide his active support and assistance. 3. Sitting on the fence – individuals, who without a particular political position, without the expressed preferences of any political figures or organizations, which are not well informed about the aims of political subjects. 4.
Mistrustfully disposed – individuals, who favorably disposed to political organizations and their leaders or disposed to all relevant politicians with prejudice. Disbelief in this case, may stimulate rejection of objects from any relationship with the subject of political and technological management. 5. Hostilely disposed – individuals, who already have own political preference and who are the supporters of particular political leaders and parties. Choice, which made by them, will encourage them to actions, aimed at countering and even resistance of the subject of management.
Struggle for object of managerial influence is the basis of the struggle with political rivals and assumes win over the voters, members of parliament, political parties and public organizations. Actions of the subject, which activates political process, are reduced to the transformation of the potential object in a true participant in the process of political management. To solve this problem it is necessary to overcome the apathy of the object to the subject of management objectives.
Involvement of the masses in the process of political control occurs through interaction with the subject of management, in which you can achieve a change of attitudes and behavior of certain groups. Therefore political process – this is a whole chain of attempts being made by subject to the projectiles of involvement of the potential object in different forms of interactions. 18. The model of political interaction Any interaction involves the activity of both of its sides, which can be expressed in actions, but can occur at the level of cognitive and emotional processes.
These activities and processes are the foundation of interaction, knowledge that can help to the subject of management to successfully achieve their goals. Model of political interaction is constructed by the following ways: 1. people who come into contact as a subject and an object, to be motivated in a certain way, that is, potentially placed to respond to the actions of the counterparty. 2. during interaction, i. e. the exchange of information, there is a kind of communication process. It is impossible to induce or coerce people to political action without reference certain information to him. . interacting in society people tend to structure their relationship to their certainty, predictability. Based on the model of the interaction of these features can be in the most general form of the following three processes linking its members. 1. Processes of motivation. Intrapersonal, psychological processes lead to the emergence of the motives that trigger people to participate in the political-management process, taking up positions in it a master or slave. 2. Communication processes – is the exchange of information between the parties to the interaction.
Breakdown in communication leads to inadequate response of the participants, which reduces the efficiency of the management process. 3. Structuring processes – is formation relatively stable that predicts the relationship between subject and object management. Structuring of the political process is expressed by the participants voluntary acceptance of obligations related to the implementation of specific social roles. This is manifested in the manifestation of the electorate consistently votes for a particular party in the organization of groups of active supporters of a political figure, etc.