Though Hanna Guthrie article presents a clear claim and provides a small amount of factual evidence to support in itself, ultimately Guthrie article is unsuccessful because she fails to provide an adequate amount of logic-based information to support her primary claim, excessively dependent upon emotion-driven attacks on those who disagree with her, and frequently fails to present her augment in a approach that makes her creditable. Guthrie primary claim for racism experienced in the United Stated is self imposed. The writer never directly states her primary claim, but it’s inferred due to the sub arguments in the article.
Throughout the Black History article, Hanna Guthrie fails to provide a sufficient amount of logical statements that support the little facts she does provide, yet she discredits them with fallacies such as hasty generalization and multiple use of emotional apply, thus forcing her to rely on an outside source to support her augment. Hanna’s first claim states, “Its irritating how many people believe that racism will end as long as almost every American minority has a special day, week, month club organization dedicated to them. ”
Hanna exploits the fact that most minority groups have a special day, or some other time frame for acknowledgements, yet she discredits the same fact with her extreme use of drawing conclusions with insufficient evidence. Guthrie second claim states, “Racism no longer characterizes society as a whole. ”(Guthrie 1). Hanna then goes on to discussing an outside article, where she informs the reader on much information that is not needed or relevant. Hanna does not discuss the topic of how racism is no longer a,”characteristic to society as a whole,” but says “I’m not ignorant or naive about racism within our society.
Hanna heavily relies on a writing done by Raina Kelly where she quotes the article 4 times within her 8 paragraphs. Her third and final claim as stated in the text reads, “I think much of the problem today in the way of racial relations, is with America’s obsession with political correctness. ” (Guthrie 1). Once again her use of strong emotional appeal to state her claim, conceals and validates her statement which is truly nothing more than an opinion. She uses the fallacy of appeal to fear, or a “Scare Tactic”, by using words such as “obsession” and “radicalized movements.
” When Hanna constructed her paper she didn’t use factual evidence, which in turn completely undermines her primary claim. Hanna Guthrie does anticipate counter augments when she says, “As it is, you probably think I’m racist for delivering into this issue to begin with. ” (Guthrie 1). The author gives another fact when she says, “It’s a known fact that things like affirmative action give preferential treatment to American minorities. ”( Guthrie 1). Hanna discredits this fact by her skewed opinion providing another false sub augment.
Hannah Guthrie was a second year English major student when this article was posted in 2010. Hannah being a student questions her creditably because she isn’t an expert and nor does she have a reputation for being advocate on stopping racism. She was a writer for the UCI’s “New University”, which is a school news paper often stretching to seek attention from the media and other forms of press. The news paper organization she writes for is not a creditable source being it was a school news paper.
Her outside source ,which she heavily relied on to support her main arguments, was not a creditable source as well because it was an opinionated article from Newsweek Magazine. Newsweek Magazine provides in depth news, analysis, and opinions on international issues such as politics and culture, but is actively driven by its passionate writers. Hanna then shifts her augment to be supported by political correctness, and personal responsibility, or the lack there of, which immediately discredits most of her strongest facts for her argument.
Throughout most of “Black History Month”, the persistent begging of the question leaves Hanna in an endless cycle. Some may find her article to be persuasive, convincing, and compelling due to the sources the author believed to be creditable. Hanna Guthrie half heartedly supports her claim by stating, “To make my point we have an “African American” president; other African American in the spotlight are former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, Colin Powell, GOP Chairman Michael Steele, Orpah Winfrey, nationally syndicated talk- radio show host Larry Elder and may more.
This isn’t a creditable statement, because it’s a faulty analogy. Her comparison from the icons in the African American culture to an average African American would easily see the appeal to celebrites which undermines the author’s creditably. Hannah Guthrie article is primarily relying upon emotional appeals, inflammatory language, and condescending tone. The augment presented is not strong in its self, and is weakly supported .
Hanna starts her article off by appealing to the audience emotions and sense of pride by saying, “ One such example of a holiday that supposedly helps eliminate racism is Black History Month”. (Guthrie 1). She also takes an emotional offense to the term “African American”, that is followed by a misleading argument over the accepting-ness of Americans and other nationalities with in America. Hanna believes our accepting of different nationalities in America, and recognizing them as such, will lead to “self segregation”.
She appeals to the readers with a false need of being a victim by saying, “All it [Club organizations and holidays] seeks to do is give preferential treatment to self segregating groups whose main purpose is to cry eternal victimhood. ” (Guthrie 1). Using terms such as “white man” and “sake of calling” appeals to the audience emotionally again. She reiterate uses emotional appeals to make her false arguments more appealing to her audience. To a group of educated people they will see that her arguments aren’t facts and emotional driven “paper wasters”.
Its apparent that Hanna Guthrie is attempting to sway her audience that racism is self imposed and in order to stop racism no should be anklogeded . Though Hanna Guthrie article presents a clear claim and provides a small amount of factual evidence to support in itself, ultimately Guthrie article is unsuccessful because she fails to provide an adequate amount of logic-based information to support her primary claim, excessively dependent upon emotion-driven attacks on those who disagree with her, and frequently fails to present her augment in a approach that makes her creditable.