Political Science

Published: 2021-10-12 09:00:14
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Category: Science

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Parts One and Two (50%) will look much like the first two tests, a combination of multiple choice and short answer. The questions below are meant to help you prepare. Most of the questions are drawn from the reading assigned and class materials presented since the second test. 1. Define globalization. Provide two examples of two globalizing forces and explain each. 2. What is sovereignty? Identify to forces that challenge state sovereignty in the contemporary world. . What is liberalization and how is it different from democratization. Distinguish political liberalization from economic liberalization.
Provide examples of each. 4. What is meritocracy and how is it different from democracy? Identify an example of a government or US state agency that is based on the principle of democracy and one based on the principle of meritocracy. 5. What is a bureaucracy and how is it different from a legislature? 6. What is divided government in the presidential system and how is it different from coalition government in a parliamentary system? Can China have divided government? Why or why not? 7. Identify three ways that the National People’s Congress is institutionally different from the US Congress. . Define terrorism, provide an example and explain why it is a good clear cut example of terrorism. 9. According to the book, under what conditions is terrorism most likely to emerge? 10. Define political culture and explain why it matters for the study of politics. Provide an example of how it matters. 1 1 . What is the Standing Committee of the Chinese Communist Party and why does it matter for the study of politics? 2. Who is the president of China and how is the role of the president in China similar to or different from the role of the president in the US. 13.
Identify three important changes in Chinese politics that have occurred in the Post Mao period. 14. What is accountability and why does it matter for the study of politics? 15. Define clientelism. Explain how it is different from interest group activity and why it matters for the study of politics. ty and describe three important characteristics ot China’s party system and compare them with the US party system. 17. How is impeachment different from a vote of no confidence? 18. The text states that over the last hundred years the power of the American presidency relative to congress has grown.
Give two reasons why this is so. 19. What is meant by “democratic peace? ” 20. Define pluralism. 21. Define civil society. 22. What is human security and how is it different from the concept of national security? 23. What is the National Party Congress and how is it different from the National People’s Congress? 24. Describe the relationship between the Chinese Communist Party and the Chinese government. Explain how it is different from the relationship between the governing party and the government in the Westminster system. 25. What is an international intergovernmental organization (‘GO)? Provide an example. 6. What is a non-governmental organization (NGO)? Provide an example of an NGO acting at the international level. 27. Define soft power and distinguish it from hard power. Provide an example of each. 28. What are the basic tenants of Just war theory? What are the principles of Jus ad bello, Jus in bello and Jus post bello.. 29. What is a regime in domestic politics? What is meant by international regime? Provide an example of each and explain how they are different. 30. Most observers agree that global or international politics is formally anarchic. What does this mean and why does it matter? 31.
What is a “realist” approach to international politics and how is it different from the “liberal internationalist” (or idealist) approach? 32. Write a normative statement about democracy and an empirical statement about democracy. 33. What is the central argument of modernization theory as articulated by Inglehart and Welzel? 34. What is GDP per capita and why does it matter for the study of politics? 35. Identify three other indicators of development besides GDP per capita. 36. Write a plausible hypothesis about the relationship between economic change and democracy. Identify the independent and dependent variables in your hypothesis. 37.
The utopian elements of Marxism are clear to most people but liberalism can also be said to have utopian elements. Identify two utopian elements of liberalism and compare them to two elements of utopian thinking in Marxism. 38. The text describes five important trends that emerged in the post-cold war eriod. What are they? 39. In the chapter on China the author Marc Blecher refers to China as capitalist in the title but then as authoritarian communist on page 231. Which is it? Or can China be both. 7 Explain your answer in no more than two sentences. 40. What is the filibuster and why is it important for understanding American politics? 1. Would you say that Santa is a liberal a traditional conservative, some kind of Marxist or a democratic socialist? Explain in one sentence. Part Three: (2X 25=50%) will be comprised of two essays. Each essay should have a clear argument that and raw on the reading and class materials. Claims should be supported with logic, specific evidence and clear, substantive examples. Terms should be clearly defined. Essay One: Everyone will write an essay in response to the following question. Write an essay comparing the nature of the regimes and the exercise of power in 1984 and Super Sad True Love Story.
How would you characterize the regimes in each of these stories”would you say that they are both strong totalitarian states? Explain. Describe the operation of the third face of power in each story, providing at least two examples f its exercise from each story. Who benefits and who loses in these examples. Be sure to define your terms clearly. 1. Essay Two: You will be presented with one of the following essays: 2. Congratulations! Because of your expertise on political institutions and democracy you have been called upon to design a constitution for a newly founded country.
Your mission is to create a constitutional framework that will foster a stable effective liberal democracy. Write an essay that sets out and some of the key constitutional elements that you will recommend for the newly established state. Start by providing a brief description of the characteristics of the relevant geographic, demographic and historical characteristics of your country that seem relevant to constitutional design and then select from among the institutions below. Explain how institution you choose is best given the characteristics of your country and your goals of stable effective democracy. . Unitary, federal or confederate system 4. Parliamentary or presidential system (or some other arrangement) 5. Unicameral, strong or weak bicameral assembly 6. FPTP(SMD/P), PR, or some other electoral system for the assembly? 7. The relationship between capitalism and democracy has been of interest to political philosophers for many years. Write an essay in which you delineate the most important ways that capitalism can both support and subvert democracy and the ways that democracy can both support and subvert capitalism.

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