Imperial Rome and Han China comparison

Published: 2021-07-02 14:15:05
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Category: China

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Political control is given to influential people with power. The political system of Imperial Rome is similar to the one of Han China in that they were both an absolute monarchy, and emperors were in complete control. Although this was true, they differed in the way their emperors ruled, and how their society was influenced. Imperial Rome and Han China’s political control was similar because of absolute monarchy. An absolute monarchy is when one person is in complete power, and is not limited or restrained by laws or a constitution.
The person in power of an absolute monarchy is called an emperor. Both Imperial Rome and Han China had this in common. However, in Imperial Rome, the emperor could buy their way into control, where as in Han China, the emperor was either born into his place, or chosen based on knowledge and ability. Although both monarchies’ had emperors in complete control, they differed religiously. Imperial Rome’s political system was influenced by Polytheism, yet Han China was centered on Confucianism.
Polytheism is the worship of many gods, whereas Confucianism is more of a philosophy than a religion. Confucianism is based on Confucius, who has ideas that glorified humanity and shaped traditions of China. Religion impacted political control greatly, because emperors based their entire ruling on belief and philosophy. Also, both Imperial Rome and Han China compare in that they both established control of their territory by fighting and defending land. This was seen when Rome used legions that consisted of
Han China and Rome also had similar techniques in their methods of military conquest. Both Han China and Rome took over control of their territory by defending their land and fighting. This happened when Rome used armies that consisted of heavy infantry. Each legion had soldiers by the thousands and was sent to the battlefields to fight. These legions were outstanding units and a professional army that were sent out wherever war started. Rome also had many soldiers along all the borders for defense.
Similarly, Han China also had regiments consisting of thousands of soldiers that were sent out to fight. These units were considered as well, professional armies known as standing units. Han China in the same way had an number of soldiers along their borders even with the addition of the Great Wall of China. These similarities were important because each empire brought their lands together through common legal framework for all. Rome conquered the Mediterranean using legions and forcing other regions and new lands to join them.

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