It improves the effectiveness and efficiency in the delivery of educational services. There is a need for educational planning it is the instrument for providing needed coordination and direction of the different components of an educational system. It also answer that widely accepted long term goals such as universal primary education are approach objectively. It provides a realistic appraisal of the country’s resources which is important factor in the successful implementation of the plan 2. As a planner/administrator, how do you understand the term “educational development”?
Suggest other facets of educational development. Educational development as a planner or administrators means expanding the facilities to match numbers with needs of the clientele; diversifying teaching – learning situations as well as their content to suit the varying demands of society; promoting lifelong learning through the provisions of education for all in-school and out-of-school youths and adults; and establishing an effective “challenge response” relationship between economic and social development, on one side and education on the other. 3.
What do you think are necessary to bring about a feasible and workable educational development plan in your region/division/district/institution? An educational development plan claims to be designed to meet the unique educational needs of the learner. In all cases the educational development plan must be tailored to the individual student’s needs by the evaluation process, and must especially help teachers and related service providers understand the student’s learning process. 4. In your own area, what do you think is the ideal approach to be used as basis of your planning activity? Why?
Foundation of Educational Planning 1. As an educational planner, why is there a need for basic knowledge and understanding of society? Having a basic knowledge and understanding of the society is considered to be essential because the planner should understand the impact of educational planning to the society. Plans may be very accurately drawn up but these may fail unless the necessary attitudes are acquired by the people to be trained. 2. Present a situation showing the impact of planning on society. Education planned for a free and compulsory education is the first level.
Everybody within this age-group and level must be in school regardless of wether the parents would like them to remain at home to help in the household chore or help in augmenting family income. Although elementary education is compulsory, full implementation cannot be achieved because of limited resources. Educational planners bear a responsibility to ensure that the society eventually eccepts the change and gradually adjusts itself to the consequences of that change. 3. What are the principal cost elements of education?
The principal cost elements of education the policy makers has to take up into consideration may be distinguished in three categories: investment in capital for example is the school building, Current cost for example the teacher’s salaries, the books and chalks, and the indirect cost. The latter could perhaps be explained in this example, generally when people are in school they do not participate in production. At this period, the country sacrifices what these people could have produced if they have been working instead of going to school. 4.
What do you understand by education as consumption and as an investment? Give specific example. Education in economic analysis and policy plays a role both as consumption and as an investment. Education is consumption because it satisfies the needs and provides utilities. It also spends money for the school facilities, teachers’ salaries, books and other materials that cost so much money. It is an investment if it contributes to the economic growths in general and the increase of individual income in particular. 5. Why should an educational planner be conversant with the structure of the educational system?
Every change in structure has immediate repercussions in the work of the educational planner. All his projections of enrolment, teacher needs and the like, his costing and financial statements have to be changed to match the new structure – hence, his need to be associated in all attempts of structural reform in a country. 6. How should educational planners respond to the challenges of population dynamics? Planners should consider on what strategies to adopt in accordance to the population which is constantly changing in number age and sex composition, and geographic distribution.
Educational planning cannot be separated from the considerations about the dynamics of population growth and change. Educational planners should explore new avenue including major reforms of educational structure and contents. The response to population dynamics lies in innovation rather than expansion. The management of population is a vital to economic development which can be achieved by educational and economic measures. It is appropriate that planners know their role in population education.
One of the most significant contributions of education to national development is to inculcate in our people the awareness of the vital and pressing need; to control population growth or decline and to manage population processes and to explain the national development is not exclusively economic development LESSON 3: Educational Planning Ate the National and Sub-national Level 1. Explain the relationship of the different levels of planning to the entire national development process. 2. How can planning on the national and sub-national levels solve the problems of our educational system?
LESSON 4: Educational Planning at the Institutional Level 1. Why is the institutional planning important and necessary? Institutional planning is important and necessary because it’s the primary objective is to make the best utilization of existing resources and they emphasize human efforts rather than additional money investment. Education is essentially a stretch process whereby teachers and students stretch themselves and their resources to the utmost. 2. Formulate a skeletal framework of an institutional plan for school/institution in your locality.