he was born in gujarat. Patel himself harboured a plan to study to become a lawyer, work and save funds, travel to England and study to become a barrister. During the many years it took him to save money, Patel — now an advocate — earned a reputation as a fierce and skilled lawyer. At the urging of his friends, Patel won an election to become the sanitation commissioner of Ahmedabad in 1917. While often clashing with British officials on civic issues, he did not show any interest in politics.
Patel was deeply impressed when Gandhi defied the British in Champaran for the sake of the area’s oppressed farmers. So Patel gave a speech in Borsad in September 1917, encouraging Indians nationwide to sign Gandhi’s petition demanding Swaraj—independence—from Britain. As the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India, Patel organised relief for refugees in Punjab and Delhi, and led efforts to restore peace across the nation. Patel took charge of the task to forge a united India from the British.
Using frank diplomacy, backed with the option and use of military force, Patel’s leadership persuaded almost every princely state. Often known as the “Iron Man of India” or “Bismarck of India”, he is also remembered as the “Patron Saint” of India’s civil servants for establishing modern all-India services. Subhas chandra bose Subhas Chandra Bose also known as Netaji, was an Indian nationalist whose unsuccessful attempt in the waning years of World War II to liberate India militarily from British rule roused patriotic feelings in India.
He was born in 23 January 1897 and he unfortunately died on August 18, 1945. Earlier, Bose had been a leader of the younger, radical, wing of the Indian National Congress in the late 1920s and 1930s, rising to become Congress President from 1938 to 1939. However, he was ousted from the Congress in 1939 following differences with the high command, and subsequently placed under house arrest by the British before escaping from India in early 1941. He turned to Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan for help in gaining India’s independence by force.
[ With Japanese support, he organised the Indian National Army, composed largely of Indian soldiers of the British Indian army who had been captured in the Battle of Singapore by the Japanese. Bose’s effort, however, was short lived. In 1945 the British army first halted and then reversed the Japanese U Go offensive, beginning the successful part of the Burma Campaign. Bose’s Indian National Army was driven down the Malay Peninsula, and surrendered with the recapture of Singapore.
Bose died soon thereafter from third degree burns received after attempting to escape in an overloaded Japanese plane which crashed in Taiwan, which many Indians believe did not happen. Bhagat singh Bhagat Singh was an Indian socialist considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement. He was born on 28 September 1907 and sacrified his life for the nation in 23 March 1931. He is often referred to as “Shaheed Bhagat Singh”, the word “Shaheed” meaning “martyr” in a number of Indian languages.
As a teenager Singh studied European revolutionary movements and was attracted to it. He became involved in numerous revolutionary organisations, and quickly rose through the ranks of the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) to become one of its main leaders, eventually changing its name to the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) in 1928. Seeking revenge for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai at the hands of the police, bhagat Singh was involved in the murder of British police officer John Saunders.
Together with Batukeshwar Dutt, he undertook a successful effort to throw two bombs and leaflets inside the Central Legislative Assembly while shouting slogans of revolution. Subsequently they volunteered to surrender and be arrested. Held on this charge, he gained widespread national support when he underwent a 116 day fast in jail, demanding equal rights for British and Indian political prisoners. During this time, sufficient evidence was brought against him for a conviction in the Saunders case. He was convicted and subsequently hanged for his participation in the murder.
bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were sentenced to death in the Lahore conspiracy case and ordered to be hanged on 24 March 1931. Sri Aurobindo Sri Aurobindo, born Aurobindo Ghosh was an Indian nationalist, freedom fighter, philosopher, yogi, Maharishi, guru and poet.  He joined the Indian movement for freedom from British rule, for a while became one of its influential leaders and then turned into a spiritual reformer, introducing his visions on human progress and spiritual evolution. Sri Aurobindo studied for the Indian civil service at King’s College, Cambridge.
After returning to India he took up various civil service works under the Maharaja of Baroda and started to involve himself in politics. He was imprisoned by British India for writing articles against British rule. He was released when no evidence was provided. During his stay in the jail he reputedly had mystical and spiritual experiences, after which he moved to Pondicherry, leaving politics for spiritual work. During his stay in Pondicherry, Sri Aurobindo evolved a new method of spiritual practice, which he called Integral Yoga. The central theme of his vision was the evolution of human life into a life divine.
He believed in a spiritual realisation that not only liberated man but also transformed his nature, enabling a divine life on earth. In 1926, with the help of his spiritual collaborator, Mirra Alfassa (“The Mother”), he founded the Sri Aurobindo Ashram. His main literary works are The Life Divine, which deals with theoretical aspects of Integral Yoga; Synthesis of Yoga, which deals with practical guidance to Integral Yoga; and Savitri, an epic poem which refers to a passage in the Mahabharata, where its characters actualise integral yoga in their lives.
His works also include philosophy, poetry, translations and commentaries on the Vedas, Upanishads and the Gita. But this great soul died on 5 December 1950 in Pondicherry. He got his name as the first Indian to create a major literary corpus in English.  swami dayanand saraswati Dayanand Saraswati was an important Hindu religious leader of his time. He is well known as the founder of the Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement of the Vedic tradition. he was born on 12 February 1824 and unfortunately died on 30 October 1883. He was a profound scholar of the Vedic lore and Sanskrit language.
He was the first to give the call for Swarajya as “India for Indians” – in 1876, later taken up by Lokmanya Tilak. Denouncing the idolatry and ritualistic worship prevalent in Hinduism at the time, he worked towards reviving Vedic ideologies. Subsequently the philosopher and President of India, S. Radhakrishnan, called him one of the “makers of Modern India,” as did Sri Aurobindo. Maharshi Dayananda advocated the doctrine of Karma (Karmasiddhanta in Hinduism) and Reincarnation (Punarjanma in Hinduism). He emphasized the Vedic ideals of brahmacharya (celibacy) and devotion to God.
The Theosophical Society and the Arya Samaj were united from 1878 to 1882, becoming the Theosophical Society of the Arya Samaj. In 1883 Dayananda was invited by the Maharaja of Jodhpur to stay at his palace. Once Dayananda went to the Maharaja’s rest room and saw him with a dance girl named Nanhi Jan. Dayananda boldly asked the Maharaja to forsake the girl and all unethical acts and follow dharma like a true Aryan. Dayananda’s suggestion offended the dance girl and she decided to take revenge. She bribed Dayananda’s cook to poison him.
At bedtime, the cook brought him a glass of milk containing poison and powdered glass. Dayananda drank the milk. He immediately realized that he had been poisoned and attempted to purge his digestive system of the poisonous substance, but it was too late. The poison had already entered his bloodstream. Many doctors came to treat him but all was in vain. His body was covered all over with large bleeding sores. On seeing Dayananda’s suffering the cook was overcome with unbearable guilt and remorse. He confessed his crime to Dayananda. On his deathbed, Dayananda forgave him and gave him a bag of money