Fear of Communism Best Explains Hitler’s

Published: 2021-09-11 11:10:10
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Fear of Communism best explains Hitler’s appointment as Chancellor in January 1933’. To what extent do you agree with this opinion? During Germany’s period of depression votes for extremist parties, such as the Nazis and Communists, increased as people were desperate for something new and in January 1933 Hitler was appointed chancellor. The most important reason as to why Hitler was appointed chancellor was because of the attitude of the elite as they would be the one deciding who to be chancellor, without their support Hitler wouldn’t have become chancellor.
However other factors such as fear of communism, the appeal of the Nazi Party, economic problems and the failure of previous chancellors are all other reasons why Hitler was appointed. The most important reason as to why Hitler was appointed as chancellor was because of the attitudes of the elites. The elites would be the people deciding on whom to appoint and without their support Hitler wouldn’t have been appointed.
Hindenburg distrusted Hitler as he was only a lance corporal in the army during the First World War and he didn’t have a very high opinion of the status, but Hindenburg did appoint chancellors between 1932- 1933 on a whim, so he appointed Hitler by persuasion from Von Papen, and he gained the support of army under a Hitler government. The Nazi’s want for a strong Germany and their militaristic look is what attracted the elite to the Nazis. The Nazi’s attire was a militaristic suit and their aim was for a stronger Germany. They wanted Germany to be a strong authoritarian country, the way it was before.
The elites also feared revolution from the Communists so by appointing Hitler they would stop a Communist uprising and go back to having an authoritarian government, where they would still hold their power. Both Von Papen and Hindenburg thought they would be able to control Hitler and use him to gain support, not realising that in the end they wouldn’t be able to. The attitude of the elites is the most important reason as to why Hitler was appointed chancellor rather than the fear of Communism in 1933. The next most important reason as to why Hitler was appointed chancellor in 1933 was because of the fear of Communism.
As the two most extreme parties were gaining more votes showed that, not only the Nazis were becoming more popular, the Communists were becoming increasingly popular, which posed a threat, particularly to the elites. German citizens weren’t happy about the new government in 1918 as they preferred an authoritarian state in which a Kaiser would rule above everyone else. Communism also went against an authoritarian rule, which meant that a lot of people didn’t want it. The elites, in particular, wouldn’t want a Communist rule as it would mean they would lose their power they had in the Weimar and before, as Communism wanted equality for all.
They also didn’t want to lose property rights, which would certainly happen under a Communist rule. Hitler was appointed chancellor in 1933 because of a fear of Communism. Another important reason, which shows that it wasn’t just fear of Communism, why Hitler was appointed chancellor was because of the appeal of the Nazi Party. The Nazis started to gain votes around 1920, from land owners, as people had lost faith in the likes of the SPD and in the government itself. The Nazi Party had a lot of appeals, one being Hitler himself. Hitler was a great orator and he had charisma. People would flock to hear a speech by Hitler.
One person described himself being ‘hypnotised’ when Hitler spoke. The party also had appeal such as offering a solution for every class and group by modifying propaganda to meet the needs of all, in order to bring in more votes for the party. They set up speaker schools and 6000 trained speakers came out of this, and they set up the Hitler Youth. This would convert all young people to the Nazi way of life as well as incorporating fun into the activities. This would have shown the Nazis in a positive light. They also organised rallies which people could attend, providing they paid to get in.
However, during the election in November 1932, figures show that the Nazis had lost around 2 million voters and their percentage dropped from 37% to 32%, which shows that more people had started to side with the KPD and not the Nazis. They had also started to lose money. Before they would hold rallies, making people pay, to gain more money as well as accepting donations. But as their population decreased so did their money. The appeal of the Nazi Party is a reason why Hitler became chancellor, but it isn’t the most important reason as there are some bad times for the Nazi Party.
Another reason why it wasn’t just the fear of Communism that saw Hitler become chancellor was because of the economic problems Germany was facing. A small majority had started to vote for extremist parties but after the 1929 Great Depression hit Germany most people had started to vote for extremists. During the depression around 6 million people were unemployed, agriculture had already started to suffer by 1927 (only reached 1/3 of what it was before the war), major banks closed which meant people lost savings and shops were closing.
The country was bankrupt and the USA asked for their loans back, which Germany simply couldn’t afford to pay as the country was in a diabolic state. During these times German people turned to the extremist parties and this is where you really see the percentage of votes for the Nazis and Communists. These parties offered a solution, especially the Nazis. On their propaganda for the workers the captions often read ‘work and bread’ showing that they offered the unemployed work which would be able to feed their families.
The economic problem of 1929 was another reason why Hitler was made chancellor in 1933. The failure of previous chancellors is another reason why Hitler became chancellor, instead of the fear of Communism. Chancellor Bruning made the mistake of not doing anything to help Germany during the Great Depression. He thought that if you left everything it would sort itself out, like it did after the war, but people weren’t in agreement with this and Bruning was fired by Hindenburg because he had turned against him. Von Papen wasn’t very popular either.
Although he tried to gain popularity within the Reichstag there was a vote of no confidence in 1932 against him. Schleider and Von Papen didn’t always see eye-to-eye and two days before Hitler was chancellor Schleider attempted to form a stable government but failed as he didn’t win the support of the left but he also alienated the elite. During these three chancellor’s time in power they ruled under Article 48 which was more of an authoritarian rule rather than a democratic government like Weimar. This is another reason as to why Hitler came to be chancellor in 1933.
In conclusion, the most important reason as to why Hitler became chancellor in 1933 was because of the attitudes of the elites. Without their support Hitler wouldn’t have come into power. There other reasons such as the economic problems, appeal of the Nazi Party and the fear of Communism as to why Hitler came to power, but the least important reason why because of the failure of previous chancellors. These chancellors all made mistakes or couldn’t gain any popularity, and Hitler was only used because of a petty disagreement between Schleider and Von Papen.

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