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Migration is not just a chronicle of sorrow and regret. It is also a powerful story of contribution and adaptation”. Migration is “the movement of people from one place to another for the purpose of taking up permanent or semi-permanent residency. ” (National Geographic, 2005). Migration can be international or internal. The most popular form of migration is international. Push and pull factors occur which cause people to migrate and to decide on what location to migrate to. Migration also occurs for study, travel and employment.
This statement by Mary Robinson proves that migration is not only a negative thing but a positive one too. The Great Famine which occured in Ireland in the 1800s was a starting point for migration in Ireland it caused 1. 3 million to emigrate overseas (O Grada, 1989), with 70% migrating to the U. S. A creating many cultural links. Migrants bring with them new ideas, skills and innovations which allow the host regions to develop and enhance with such diversity (Embrace NI, 2013). This is the “powerful story of contribution and adaptation”.
According to Douglas Carroll – interviewee, “with a lot of Irish families living in New York already and with many of those with Irish ancestors, it wasn’t as difficult as expected to settle in” with 80 million people worldwide claiming to Irish ancestry (Fitzgerald, 2013), shows that in many cases migration was not “just a chronicle of sorrow and regret”. As well as the cultural aspect, the host region also developes in other ways, with the migrant becoming a tax payer of that country there are economic benefits seen with migration too.
Economic growth of a country is often linked to the population growth in that country. (Dolado, 1994) As well as this thousands of migrants often contribute to the home country also by sending home remittances. On the sorrow and regret side many host countrys dont provide innitiative for natives as there is plenty of immigrants willing to work for lower pay. This means that in some cases immigrants may be portrayed as “job stealers” where there is a small negative effect on native wages, mostly among unskilled workers as immigrant wages take lower pay grades therefore putting the native somewhat, out of a job. Borjas,2009) The movement of migrants allow different skills and ideas to travel contributing to regions around the world. Bibliography National Geographic (2005) Human Migration Guide. Available at: http://www. nationalgeographic. com/xpeditions/lessons/09/g68/migrationguidestudent. pdf Embrace NI (2013) The Pros and Cons of Migration Available at: http://www. embraceni. org/migration/the-pros-and-cons-of-migration/ Rory Fitzgerald (2013) Defining Irish Identity. Available at: http://irishcatholic. imediarevenue. com/20130321/familylife/defining-irish-identity-S31584 Douglas Carroll (2013) Migration Interviewee
Juan Dolado (1994) Immigration, Human Captial and Growth in the Host Country. Journal of Population Economics. Available at: http://link. springer. com/article/10. 1007/BF00173619 George Borjas (2009) Human Migration, Issue 7. Available at: http://worldsavvy. org/monitor/index. php? option=com_content&view=article&id=427&Itemid=814 Appendix: Migration Interview – Name: Douglas Carroll Nationality:Irish Occupation: Carpenter Age: 41 Douglas who is my fathers older brother was born in Drogheda, Co. Louth, emmigrated to America for work in 1996. So Douglas, why did you decide to emmigrate?
Well, I had always wanted to see America and at the time i just felt like it was the right time to go. After working for a few years I had experience and New York was calling my name. When did you leave? I left in 1996 when I was 24. Sick of the same scenery I wanted change and to meet new people. I went with two of my friends and never looked back. What was it like when you first got there, finding a job and making new friends etc? It was quite easy to get a job over there as a craftsman the demand was high, my friends and I all got jobs together and worked there for 4 years.
And on the making friends part it wasnt difficult at all with a lot of Irish families living in New York already and with many of those with Irish ancestors, it wasn’t as difficult as expected to settle in. Were you treated much differently? Not really, like I said New York has a huge Irish Community, I joined lots of clubs. The accent though was a real fly catcher, the Yanks love the Irish accent thats how I met my wife and now I’ve a family. Have you been home since? I’ve been home twice. I would like to visit more but its quite expensive and hard to get time off work.
Ireland is of course still home and at least one member of my family comes to visit nearly every year! When you were home did you notice differences? Well things here are not that different although life in New York is very fast, upbeat and more outgoing than life in Ireland. The weather here is also very different, extreme cold in the Winter but beaches in Summer time are great. Would you ever consider coming back? Not at the moment but I would love my kids to experience Ireland like I did but its not the same country anymore. New York with my family is home. For now. Thanks very much Uncle Douglas.

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