Assess the Impact of the Treaty of Vienna in 1815

Published: 2021-09-11 02:10:08
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Assess the impact of the Treaty of Vienna in 1815. (30) The treaty of Vienna came as a result of the aftermath of the Napoleonic wars. The treaty of Vienna was a result of the British trying to keep the peace within Europe. The treaty of Vienna reflected the diversity within ‘Italy’; the treaty reflected most of the wishes of Metternich along with the desires of Austria. Prince Metternich’s desires were to restore the old pre- 1796 order the fact which represented within the terms of the Vienna Settlement.
Metternich also wished to impose a conservative settlement which would crush the hopes of the liberals and nationalists within Italy and Europe. At this moment of time there was a very separate ‘Italy’. ‘Italy’ was divided into separate states who had their own customs and languages. The treaty of Vienna had many impacts one which affected the Kingdom of Sardinia (Piedmont). The treaty of Vienna recognised and restored the house of Savoy as the rightful rulers of Piedmont. The immediate effect of this was that Victor Emmanuel I returned to Piedmont and started to restore an absolutist state.
Other effects of the treaty of Vienna were that the code Napoleon was repealed along with various rights such as free trials. Other impacts were the Church was restored to its privileged status. The last important change to Piedmont was introduced at Vienna was that the port and state of Genoa was granted to the house of Savoy. Other effects of the treaty of Vienna was upon Lombardy and Venice the Austrian dominance of Italy and it’s political life was assured by the return of Lombardy to Austrian control. However it was strengthened by the recognition at Vienna of Austria’s annexation of Venice.
The impact of the treaty upon the Papal States was that the Pope was restored to his position as spiritual and temporal ruler of the Papal States. The Code Napoleon was also abolished within most parts of the Papal States and the Papal legal codes were re-established. The impact of the treaty of Vienna on the Central Duchies left the Central Duchies firmly under Austrian control. Also within the Central Duchies education was improved and set up hospitals and food relief during the outbreak of typhus in 1815-16 and allowed freedom of expression which was not allowed in the rest of ‘Italy’. The new ruler of Parma was equally broadminded.
She scrapped the Code Napoleon but replaced it with something similar. The impact on the Kingdom of Naples was that the Bourbon King Ferdinand I was restored to his throne with a vague promises of maintaining some legacy of French and British influence in Naples and Sicily respectively. The Church was also restored to its power and former authority. Many liberal projects were introduced by the French in Naples such as road building. At Sicily within this moment of time the British inspired constitution was destroyed which was much to the frustration of the Notability who had enjoyed the power that British constitution had given them.
Overall one can assume that the Kingdoms of the Papal States, the Central Duchies and the Kingdom of Naples were also progressive states as one can examine from the events which took place in these states. One can also assume that Piedmont, Lombardy and Venice and Sicily was reactionary as they all reacted to the end on the Napoleon rule and these states started to revert to their old customs. The role of Austria and Metternich over Italy was considerable and Metternich insistence was very liberal.
The liberal views within Italy were that all the separate states should stay separate there was a big sense of nationalism in this part of time. The Nationalist views at this moment of time were very few and far in-between as many people associated from, what kingdom they came from their views were crushed as the states were still separated as there was individual’s state with separate forms of governments there was no chance of a Italy being liberal. One also assumes that the treaty of Vienna had good impacts for some of the kingdoms within Italy but not all of them as all the states never moved forward to an extent.

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